FKFS Veranstaltungen

2025 Stuttgart International Symposium
on Automotive and Engine Technology

3. - 4. Juli 2025

Session: Chassis Systems | | 12:00 - 12:30

On-Center Steering Model for Realistic Steering Feel based on Real Measurement Data

Andreas Dieing, FKFS

Driving simulators allow the testing of driving functions, vehicle models and acceptance assessment at an early stage. For a real driving experience, it`s necessary that all immersions are depicted as realistically as possible. When driving manually, the perceived haptic steering wheel torque plays a key role in conveying a realistic steering feel. To ensure this, complex multi-body systems are used with numerous of parameters that are difficult to identify. Therefore, this study shows a method how to generate a realistic steering feel with a nonlinear open-loop model which only contains significant parameters, particularly the friction of the steering gear. This is suitable for the steering feel in the most driving on-center area. Measurements from test benches and real test drives with an Electric Power Steering (EPS) were used for the Identification and Validation of the model. The open-loop architecture on steering rack level shows adequate results and generate a nearly delay-free response of the expected steering torque. Further it allows the expansion to a closed-loop or a hybrid model with neural networks. This makes it particularly suitable for force feedback systems in driving simulators or Steer-By-Wire Systems.